Shown below are two commonly used menus.
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The next section will have more detail about this important function. As you would expect, the "Edit" menu is where commands are located for making changes to the Registry. Keys and values can be deleted, added, or renamed. Permission settings on keys can also be edited but that is an advanced subject beyond our scope. Another two very useful functions are "Find The Registry has thousands of keys and these search functions are very necessary. It searches key names, value names, and string data.
The Edit menu also contains a useful entry "Copy Key Name" that sends the path of the key to the clipboard, Since path names can be quite long, this can be very useful. Another menu that can be quite useful is "Favorites". If you find that there are is a certain key that you modify often, this key can be added to the "Favorites' list for easy access. The example of a "Favorites" menu shown on the right contains three favorites. Note the names have been chosen by this user and can be anything that is a convenient reminder.
They actually refer to specific Registry keys, which can have very long path names. Note that whole keys and not single values are involved. To restore a Registry key, you can use the "Import" function. However, it is easier to merge REG files into a Registry by right-clicking the file and choosing "Merge". On many machines the default left double-click on a REG file will also create a merge. I prefer to change the double-click action to "Edit" so that accidental mergers do not happen. Notice that I use the word "merge". REG files do not replace keys but add to them, something to keep in mind.
Anything extra that you may have added is not deleted. Some experienced PC users prefer to do any actual editing in the exported REG file and then to merge the edited file. This prevents accidentally doing something to the wrong key. There are many useful adjustments to the Windows configuration or behavior that can be made by simple editing of the Registry. Unless you are a trained IT professional, you should probably limit Registry editing to one or two values at a time.
I will limit this discussion to this type of straightforward scenario. For the most part, direct Registry editing means changing a value. Highlight the value in question in the right-pane of Regedit. Then choose "Modify" from the "Edit" menu or right-click the value and choose "Modify" from the context menu. For strings, a box like the one shown in the nearby picture will open. As a specific example, consider the last value in the right-pane of Figure 1.
The time that the system waits for a service to close at Shutdown is controlled by the entry for the value, WaitToKillServiceTimeout. The value is in milliseconds and the default is 20 seconds. To make things close up more quickly, you could change the value to 10 seconds. Or you might need to make it longer for certain systems.
Enter the desired string in the line "Value data" and click OK. The figure on the left shows the appropriate box. Be careful to be sure that you have chosen correctly between hexadecimal and decimal. You can enter either but the number that you enter must correspond to the correct value for the chosen base.
In the example here, the decimal number "96" would have to be "60" if hexadecimal were picked for the base. And so we come to the end of the unveiling of the mysteries of the Registry. Go forth and edit well but carefully— Vic Laurie. Comments v. You mention that you "prefer to change the double-click action to 'Edit' so that accidental mergers do not happen" but you don't explain how to do that.
I prefer this myself, and I think it's an excellent idea, especially for the audience targeted with this article. Maybe how to edit the registry to make this change would be a good editing example to include in this tutorial:. Thank you! Thanks, Great article. Took MCSE a while back and they didn't even cover this much. Just need to know when to re-boot???
I was waiting for an answer to my question.
I appreciate your time and information. I believe that i checked the box, in order to receive an email. I had asked if all of the items in the right pane should be deleted, after searching for a program to delete. Concerns were raised that secure boot could prevent or hinder the use of alternate operating systems such as Linux. In a post discussing secure boot on the Building Windows 8 blog, Microsoft developer Tony Mangefeste indicated that vendors would provide means to customize secure boot, stating that "At the end of the day, the customer is in control of their PC.
Microsoft's philosophy is to provide customers with the best experience first, and allow them to make decisions themselves. It also revealed that ARM devices Windows RT would be required to have secure boot permanently enabled, with no way for users to disable it. However, Tom Warren of The Verge noted that other vendors have implemented similar hardware restrictions on their own ARM-based tablet and smartphone products including those running Microsoft's own Windows Phone platform , but still argued that Microsoft should "keep a consistent approach across ARM and x86, though, not least because of the number of users who'd love to run Android alongside Windows 8 on their future tablets.
Several notable video game developers criticized Microsoft for making its Windows Store a closed platform subject to its own regulations, as it conflicted with their view of the PC as an open platform. Markus "Notch" Persson creator of the indie game Minecraft ,  Gabe Newell co-founder of Valve Corporation and developer of software distribution platform Steam ,  and Rob Pardo from Activision Blizzard voiced concern about the closed nature of the Windows Store.
Reviews of the various editions of Windows 8 have been mixed to negative. Tom Warren of The Verge said that although Windows 8's emphasis on touch computing was significant and risked alienating desktop users, he felt that Windows 8 tablets "[make] an iPad feel immediately out of date" due to the capabilities of the operating system's hybrid model and increased focus on cloud services. Pierce also considered the Start Screen to be a "brilliant innovation for desktop computers" when compared with "folder-littered desktops on every other OS" because it allows users to interact with dynamic information.
Other improvements and features such as File History, Storage Spaces, and the updated Task Manager were also regarded as positive changes. Bright also said that Windows 8's duality towards tablets and traditional PCs was an "extremely ambitious" aspect of the platform as well, but criticized Microsoft for emulating Apple 's model of a closed distribution platform when implementing the Windows Store. The interface of Windows 8 has been the subject of negative reaction.
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Bright wrote that its system of hot corners and edge swiping "wasn't very obvious" due to the lack of instructions provided by the operating system on the functions accessed through the user interface, even by the video tutorial added on the RTM release which only instructed users to point at corners of the screen or swipe from its sides. Despite this " stumbling block ", Bright said that Windows 8's interface worked well in some places, but began to feel incoherent when switching between the "Metro" and desktop environments, sometimes through inconsistent means.
He noted that while forcing all users to use the new touch-oriented interface was a risky move for Microsoft as a whole, it was necessary in order to push development of apps for the Windows Store. In , Frank X. Shaw, a Microsoft corporate vice president, said that while many of the negative reviews were extreme, it was a "good thing" that Microsoft was "listening to feedback and improving a product". Microsoft says that 4 million users upgraded to Windows 8 over the weekend after its release,   which CNET says was well below Microsoft's internal projections and was described inside the company as disappointing.
On November 27, , Microsoft announced that it has sold 40 million licenses of Windows 8 in the first month, surpassing the pace of Windows 7. However, according to research firm NPD, sales of devices running Windows in the United States have declined 21 percent compared to the same time period in Windows 8 surpassed Windows Vista in market share with a 5. Windows 8's tablet market share has also been growing steadily, with 7. However, this is still well below Android and iOS , which posted This matched sales of Windows 7 over a similar period. In January , Hewlett-Packard began a promotion for desktops running Windows 7, saying that it was "back by popular demand".
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Outside sources have suggested that this might be because HP or its customers thought the Windows 8 platform would be more appropriate for mobile computing than desktop computing, or that they were looking to attract customers forced to switch from XP who wanted a more familiar interface.
Microsoft had similarly cut the price of Windows XP licenses to compete against the early waves of Linux-based netbooks. Some media outlets falsely reported that the SKU associated with this plan, "Windows 8. On the information gathered by Net Applications, adoption rate in March for Windows 8. In May , the Government of China banned the internal purchase of Windows 8-based products under government contracts requiring "energy-efficient" devices.
The story featured an interview with Ni Guangnan, who stated that operating systems could aggregate "sensitive user information" that could be used to "understand the conditions and activities of our national economy and society", and alleged that per documents leaked by Edward Snowden , the U.
Yang Min, a computer scientist at Fudan University , also stated that "the security features of Windows 8 are basically to the benefit of Microsoft, allowing them control of the users' data, and that poses a big challenge to the national strategy for information security. A feature update to Windows 8 known as Windows 8. Windows 8's stock apps were also updated, a new Bing -based unified search system was added, SkyDrive was given deeper integration with the operating system, and a number of new stock apps, along with a tutorial, were added.
Microsoft marketed Windows 8. This requires an 8. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 7 November Windows 8 Start screen , showing default live tile arrangement. Closed-source Source-available through Shared Source Initiative . Unsupported as of January 12, Users must install Windows 8. Main article: Features new to Windows 8. Main article: List of features removed in Windows 8. Main article: Windows 8 editions.
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Retrieved September 4, Eye on Windows. Windows XP vs Windows 7. I can compare by saying, XP is an open house and easy to fix because all the lay-out is within one's grasp; with 7 lot of it is hidden and one has to go on a hunting mission. Microsoft says this is to stop end user meddling with it. If i want to make a change to certain presentations and I know the system is capable, then i should be the Boss.
In 7 its a close shop and you are on a Hunting Mission trying to configure background where ny subject matter might be hidden. It is good to learn about new things, but do not try to test my patience. I am currently running 7, Vista and XP. All three on differnt PCs and laptop. I have no preferences. I run them for fun to see what makes each one of them "Tick". I am not an expert and neither am i a GEEK. My interest is cyber or computer security. Finally, Windows 7 is curved ball, and certainly not a round type.
I demand simplicity. Little baggage or fluff. Most comments here are by geeks. Like go read an page book! Sorry, me and grandma don't have the time, energy, or desire for that. So when XP goes belly up, I'll install Ubuntu. I now occasionally boot to Ubuntu from a thumb drive. Sayonara Bill Gates. Actually many of the comments here are by average users. I'll also point out that Ubuntu is not immune from change. I was very surprised to find that the latest Why is that OK on Ubuntu and not Windows? In addition, 7 doesn't have a repair connection for the internet like XP, and quite a few other functions that I like.
I don't understand the "doesn't have a repair connection" function - I find Windows 7's network troubleshooter miles ahead of XP's old repair. It fixed problems that I couldn't figure out, and as a test correctly diagnosed several that I could. After the installation was complete, the next challenge was to find drivers for the machine compatible with XP. Numerous on-line searches turned-up several possibilities none from HP, who seem to frown on downgrading , most of which either did not completely install, or caused overheating severe enough to trip the thermal safety and shut-down the machine.
Though drivers were finally found that appear to be working properly, there is no way for me to know whether they are correct or even optimal , but the machine has been running reliably full functionality and no BSOD issues for a few months, and though warm, without overheating. Questions: how can one determine whether the installed drivers are optimal, and would there be an advantage to using the HDD in SATA mode if so, does one simply install the appropriate driver and reset the BIOS?
I think you forgot one more time- and nerve consuming task: reapplying Service Packs and Microsofts' updates. Depending on the age of your install media, this can be very painful, especially if your network connection is not a very fast one. Windows XP was clean, simple and easy to navigate. Windows 7 tries to be too helpful, or fancy. And only ends up making everything a mess.
I am grateful to Leo and to everyone who has posted considerate and thoughtful comments on this page. I have been dreading "upgrading" as from my experiences of Vista, 7 and Office and I dislike the interface, the graphics, the nags and indeed all the "improvements"; at least what I have read here gives me some reassurance that I will learn to adapt to them. I simply don't understand why the graphics have been made less sharp, contrasty and readable, or why traditional menus seem to be on the way out.
To use Office after we have to keep consulting help to discover which of the arcane army of icons displayed actually conveys the required demand; it's very slow at first. Also, the working area is reduced: I noticed that in Outlook it has become such a small strip that photos in emails have to be viewed in stages. Give me good old Outlook Express every time sorry, Leo! If I had been starting with Office now, deprived of the easy leads given by traditional menus, I think I might well have quickly given up the struggle of learning it.
So far I have always been a Windows person, but I'm starting to wonder whether Linux might be worth considering Keep Windows 7 and install Virtual Box then install Windows XP as a virtual machine, its quick simple and full function. I also am very frustrated with Win 7 and would like to go back to XP. Is Microsoft forgetting who the customer is. Why do they have to reinvent the wheel each time Vista - not a very good wheel. Just improve the wheel you have and for me that should be XP. I am of the opinion that Leo makes perfect sense.
Each time a new version of an OS is launched, there's much that undergoes a complete change. Hi Leo i am really having anice time today on this side as i earlier said this my first time hear.
Leo, you love XP; you know you do. So why didn't you tell folks that the best option is to install XP in a different partition than 7 or on a different drive? Yes, it might be a bit more tricky since 7 is already installed, but it is certainly doable, 'cause I did it. For me, dual-boot is the way to go. That way if I need the flash-bang of 7 I can get to it with one click thanks to a little 3rd party program also used when setting up the dual-boot in the first place , but when I'm booted to XP my system will still run those great programs I love that WIN 7 just cannot begin to make function.
Do I think it a horrible shame that MS didn't make 7 totally backward compatible? You betcha; but that's the way it is Merely realize, negative progress happens. At least my otherwise unused copy of XP now has a home and finds infinitely more use than WIN 7 on the same machine. OBTW, I tried VirtualBox, which did run though slowly, but absolutely would not run my old programs that the straight installation of XP cooks through.
Thank you for your article on downgrading to XP. I now understand the frustration of XP fans, but maybe it's just that like me they do not know an easy way to get around the problems they are experiencing. If they reveal precisely what the perceived problems are, then maybe you can help to resolve them.
In Windows 7 Explorer I cannot always successfully browse the network, and see all of the servers available. Sometimes it works, but usually it does not. I am normally logged on as domain administrator, so I expect full and easy access, which I get in XP. Is there any way of correcting this behaviour? In Windows 7 Explorer when I am browsing a network drive the folder tree in the left hand pane keeps collapsing as I move around folders.
This is really annoying as I cannot "see" where I am in the folder structure. Is there any way of stopping this? It remains in the registry, and before I can create a new user with the same name I have to edit the registry by searching for the old user's entries and deleting them manually. This is not necessary in XP, which does properly delete the user from the registry via the control panel. Is Microsoft moving away from GUI and towards text editing as a routine event? This seems to be the case with Exchange too.
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It would be really useful to create a list of these specific Windows 7 annoyances to see how many can be removed by configuration changes. Alternatively, you could tell us which, if any, of these annoyances will be corrected in Windows 8, due out next year, so we can see if it is worth waiting for. I bought a new laptop with win7 pro. I liked it till I loaded or tried to load all my programs on it. Office Premium, everything worked except Outlook. Being I use outlook express for work email rather than gmail on web. My preference.
Win7 gave me an illegal instruction no matter where or how I tried to save it. Bill Gates once said, if you find an OS that works for you, and you paid for it, use it forever. Not his exact words, I forget his exact wording, The interpretation is what I went by. So yes, you can get back to XP and not very difficult at all. There are still bugs in Win7 requiring registry hacking. The virtual XP is not completely compatible either. The object is, just get the job done.
I bought a new Dell PC with a fast 3. I will never regret that decision. Thank goodness I bought it from a local computer shop. Now all my beloved programs run super fast on it. If it ain't broke, don't fix it. Leo: You haven't been very honest with your readers. You make it sound as tho using Win 7 is a peace of cake, but my experience has shown me that you are at the mercy of MS when a new OS comes out.
A good example is Vista. I personally consider my time worth something.
Instead they want the users to do it for free. I'm sorry your advice is false because Win 7 brings other problems along with it, guaranteed. And this will cause me to take time away from my work to figure out what went wrong with the installation of Win 7 or why this program or that program won't work, or what's even worse, system crashes.
No thanks! Why not add Windows XP and have a dual boot system. Then you could use either OS. Of course you will have to find out how to do this but there are many articles on the Internet showing how. I own a small computer store that deals with new and pre-loved PC's. We see all manner of PC's and computers users. I firmly believe that there is nothing wrong with wanting what is comfortable and familiar as long as it works. Different people have different learning and communication styles, and some respond to change quite negatively.
It's neither good nor bad Change is not evil par se Learn to deal with it in a way that works for you. I tend to think of an OS these days like a car. As long as it gets me where I want to go, I'm not too fussed about what's under the Hood. When we get a batch of ex-lease computers in to refurbish, I usually get stuck with the task of reinstalling the operating systems, and of course finding the drivers and putting on the 'goodies'.
I love XP. It is like a comfortable pair of jeans I'm loathe to retire — but those jeans are getting a bit tatty and worn and will eventually be relegated to the recycle bin. Sadly, it is getting increasingly harder to find drivers for some XP computers. My sanity is worth more than the time and frustration involved to stick with maintaining XP.
When installing Vista and Windows 7 it is usually just a matter of running the Windows updates and the missing drivers are installed with the optional updates. I rarely have to hunt them down. For the really Vista or Win7 phobic customer, I often throw in a free 1 hour one-on-one tailored lesson to help them find their way around the new system. This usually clinches the sale and eases the customer into the unfamiliar. Problem solved. Windows 8 is around the corner Well I just finished reading all the negative comments about Win 7. I was sold on Win XP for a long time, and loved it for a long time.